懷孕期間的調理

| 09-04-2017

《懷孕期間的調理》


下葵涌中醫中心  余莉莉註冊中醫師

「世上只有媽媽好,有媽的孩子像個寶」

為人父母當然會對剛出生的嬰兒倍加愛護,但準媽媽們可曾關注懷孕期間的飲食調理呢?未出生小寶寶所吸取的營養完全依賴媽媽所食的東西,懷孕期間不宜過份進補,應要分階段調理,使胎兒能攝取合適養份,同時孕婦體重能適量地增長,懷孕前期體重增加1-2公斤;中期增加1-2公斤;後期則增加4公斤。適時適量,不致於產後過重。

懷孕初期少食多餐避油膩

懷孕初期﹕指懷孕後的第一至三個月,這時期胎兒生長速度緩慢,因此孕婦所需營養和熱量都不多。除此之外還會出現早孕反應如噁心、嘔吐,中醫認為孕婦此時脾胃功能降低,飲食要以健脾和胃易消化的食物為主,避免油膩,少食多餐。主食以麵食為好,湯水太多,腸胃更容易發脹嘔吐。如有嘔吐,可口含一小片生薑止吐或溫服薑汁甘蔗露,除寒痰之餘去心煩解口渴。

懷孕中期多進食蛋白質

懷孕中期﹕指懷孕第四至七個月。此時期胎兒迅速發育,身長增長較快,孕婦需吸收大量蛋白質構成胎兒的肌肉和筋骨,骨骼和大腦生長。此時母體消耗大,孕吐反應也停止了,應該吃米、小麥、雞肉、 蛋、豆製品、蝦、動物肝臟、牛肉、牛奶,多吸收蛋白質助分娩。中醫認為孕婦應要補腎養脾,養脾可生血;補腎可生精氣,這二者均是胞胎所賴以維生。常用方藥,例如:黨參、白朮、紅棗、補骨脂等可養脾,菟絲子、續斷、杜仲、熟地、阿膠等可補腎。

懷孕後期預防水腫、高血壓

懷孕後期﹕指臨產前的兩個月。此時期胎兒體重增加很快,孕婦也要儲備營養為分娩的消耗做準備;所以香港婦女選擇營養豐富的高質量的蛋白質為主要飲食是可取的,不宜吃太多碳水化合物會讓胎兒體重增加很快,增難產風險;宜選用海參、墨魚、蚌肉、淡菜、瘦豬肉。如出現水腫、高血壓,中醫一般認為脾虛、腎虛和氣滯有關,應採用少鹽或利尿膳食,如赤豆粥、冬瓜湯、鯉魚湯。

 懷孕中期

阿膠雞肉湯

主治﹕
暖宮安胎,增強氣血

材料﹕
阿膠15克、雞肉500克、杜仲15克、桑寄生15克

 懷孕後期

鯉魚羹

主治﹕
利水消腫,安胎健脾,清理濕熱

材料﹕
鯉魚一條、赤小豆30克、陳皮5克、花椒2 克、草果5克

首烏天麻瘦肉湯

主治﹕
妊娠眩暈、頭痛心煩、血壓升高

材料﹕
首烏、天麻、釣藤各10克、瘦肉60克

若然貧血,則要多食蛋黃、豬肝、菠菜、芥菜、紅莧菜等含鐵量高的食品,除此之外中醫認為應要益氣養血,穩固胎兒。

紅棗杞子雞湯
(體質陽盛易上火的孕婦,要加花旗參30克,去薑)

主治﹕
補血養胎

材料﹕
紅棗12個、杞子25克,雞500克、薑8克


各位準媽媽除了注意飲食調理外,還要保持愉快心情,多做適度的伸展運動,迎接小生命降臨。

「投進媽媽的懷抱,幸福哪裡找!」

文章內容僅供參考,不能作為診斷及治療的醫據。
如需獲得健康方面的幫助,請諮詢中醫師及醫護人員的專業意見。

25 comments

Leave a comment
  1. backlink | 四月 20, 2018
    It was wondering if I could use this write-up on my other website, I will link it back to your website though.Great Thanks.backlink
  2. Best cruise Lines | 四月 13, 2018
    Superbly written article, if only all bloggers offered the same content as you, the internet would be a far better place.. Best cruise Lines
  3. luxury car hire gold coast | 四月 12, 2018
    Thanks for sharing this information. I really like your blog post very much. You have really shared a informative and interesting blog post with people..  luxury car hire gold coast
  4. psd to responsive html | 三月 17, 2018
    I think about it is most required for making more on this get engaged psd to responsive html
  5. Www.hpprinterrepairshop.com | 二月 15, 2018
    Very useful post. This is my first time i visit here. I found so many interesting stuff in your blog especially its discussion. Really its great article. Keep it up. Www.hpprinterrepairshop.com
  6. Wax Gourd | 二月 14, 2018
    Great Article it its really informative and innovative keep us posted with new updates. its was really valuable. thanks a lot. Wax Gourd
  7. barkbox one month free | 二月 06, 2018
    This is a great idea. I think this club would be a hit. I do not have any dogs, but I hope to get one at some point.barkboxone month free
  8. Http://www.happyvalentinedayimages2018.com/ | 二月 06, 2018
    I found this is an informative and interesting post so i think so it is very useful and knowledgeable. I would like to thank you for the efforts you have made in writing this article. Http://www.happyvalentinedayimages2018.com/
  9. Http://valentinesdaypro.com/ | 二月 06, 2018
    This is very educational content and written well for a change. It's nice to see that some people still understand how to write a quality post.! Http://valentinesdaypro.com/
  10. Tips for cleaning your mobility scooter | 一月 26, 2018
    This is a wonderful article, Given so much info in it, These type of articles keeps the users interest in the website, and keep on sharing more ... good luck Tips for cleaning your mobility scooter
  11. Health Benefits | 一月 26, 2018
    Just saying thanks will not just be sufficient, for the fantasti c lucidity in your writing. I will instantly grab your rss feed to stay informed of any updates. Health Benefits
  12. ocean games | 一月 25, 2018
    Really impressive post. I read it whole and going to share it with my social circules. I enjoyed your article and planning to rewrite it on my own blog. ocean games
  13. BlueCross BlueShield Insurance | 一月 24, 2018
    Thanks a lot for one’s intriguing write-up. It’s actually exceptional. Searching ahead for this sort of revisions. BlueCross BlueShield Insurance
  14. How To Give A Hand Job | 一月 24, 2018
    It is perfect time to make some plans for the future and it is time to be happy. I’ve read this post and if I could I desire to suggest you few interesting things or tips. Perhaps you could write next articles referring to this article. I want to read more things about it! How To Give A Hand Job
  15. Get Rid of Head Lice | 一月 24, 2018
    If it's not too much trouble share more like that. Get Rid of Head Lice
  16. http://www.coloradospringsautodetailing.com/ | 一月 24, 2018
    Welcome to the party of my life here you will learn everything about me. http://www.coloradospringsautodetailing.com/
  17. 321howto.com | 一月 20, 2018
    That is very helpful for increasing my knowledge in this field. 321howto.com
  18. sbobet88888 | 一月 20, 2018
    This was incredibly an exquisite implementation of your ideas sbobet88888
  19. beer777 | 一月 19, 2018
    New site is solid. A debt of gratitude is in order for the colossal exertion. beer777
  20. rekrutteringsfirma | 一月 19, 2018
    Thanks for posting this info. I just want to let you know that I just check out your site and I find it very interesting and informative. I can't wait to read lots of your posts. rekrutteringsfirma
  21. Seo Colorado Springs | 一月 19, 2018
    I must say, I thought this was a pretty interesting read when it comes to this topic. Liked the material. . . . . Seo Colorado Springs
  22. trends of travel | 一月 10, 2018
    There is definately a great deal to know about this subject. I like all of the points you've made. trends of travel
  23. sbobet | 一月 09, 2018
    This is a great article thanks for sharing this informative information. I will visit your blog regularly for some latest post. I will visit your blog regularly for Some latest post. sbobet
  24. cong ty bat dong san 1991 | 十二月 25, 2017
    Super site! I am Loving it!! Will return once more, Im taking your food likewise, Thanks. cong ty bat dong san 1991
  25. garage door repair San Diego | 十二月 22, 2017
    Nice blog. Found this while searching through garage door repair San Diego

    Leave a comment