懷孕期間的調理

| 09-04-2017

《懷孕期間的調理》


下葵涌中醫中心  余莉莉註冊中醫師

「世上只有媽媽好,有媽的孩子像個寶」

為人父母當然會對剛出生的嬰兒倍加愛護,但準媽媽們可曾關注懷孕期間的飲食調理呢?未出生小寶寶所吸取的營養完全依賴媽媽所食的東西,懷孕期間不宜過份進補,應要分階段調理,使胎兒能攝取合適養份,同時孕婦體重能適量地增長,懷孕前期體重增加1-2公斤;中期增加1-2公斤;後期則增加4公斤。適時適量,不致於產後過重。

懷孕初期少食多餐避油膩

懷孕初期﹕指懷孕後的第一至三個月,這時期胎兒生長速度緩慢,因此孕婦所需營養和熱量都不多。除此之外還會出現早孕反應如噁心、嘔吐,中醫認為孕婦此時脾胃功能降低,飲食要以健脾和胃易消化的食物為主,避免油膩,少食多餐。主食以麵食為好,湯水太多,腸胃更容易發脹嘔吐。如有嘔吐,可口含一小片生薑止吐或溫服薑汁甘蔗露,除寒痰之餘去心煩解口渴。

懷孕中期多進食蛋白質

懷孕中期﹕指懷孕第四至七個月。此時期胎兒迅速發育,身長增長較快,孕婦需吸收大量蛋白質構成胎兒的肌肉和筋骨,骨骼和大腦生長。此時母體消耗大,孕吐反應也停止了,應該吃米、小麥、雞肉、 蛋、豆製品、蝦、動物肝臟、牛肉、牛奶,多吸收蛋白質助分娩。中醫認為孕婦應要補腎養脾,養脾可生血;補腎可生精氣,這二者均是胞胎所賴以維生。常用方藥,例如:黨參、白朮、紅棗、補骨脂等可養脾,菟絲子、續斷、杜仲、熟地、阿膠等可補腎。

懷孕後期預防水腫、高血壓

懷孕後期﹕指臨產前的兩個月。此時期胎兒體重增加很快,孕婦也要儲備營養為分娩的消耗做準備;所以香港婦女選擇營養豐富的高質量的蛋白質為主要飲食是可取的,不宜吃太多碳水化合物會讓胎兒體重增加很快,增難產風險;宜選用海參、墨魚、蚌肉、淡菜、瘦豬肉。如出現水腫、高血壓,中醫一般認為脾虛、腎虛和氣滯有關,應採用少鹽或利尿膳食,如赤豆粥、冬瓜湯、鯉魚湯。

 懷孕中期

阿膠雞肉湯

主治﹕
暖宮安胎,增強氣血

材料﹕
阿膠15克、雞肉500克、杜仲15克、桑寄生15克

 懷孕後期

鯉魚羹

主治﹕
利水消腫,安胎健脾,清理濕熱

材料﹕
鯉魚一條、赤小豆30克、陳皮5克、花椒2 克、草果5克

首烏天麻瘦肉湯

主治﹕
妊娠眩暈、頭痛心煩、血壓升高

材料﹕
首烏、天麻、釣藤各10克、瘦肉60克

若然貧血,則要多食蛋黃、豬肝、菠菜、芥菜、紅莧菜等含鐵量高的食品,除此之外中醫認為應要益氣養血,穩固胎兒。

紅棗杞子雞湯
(體質陽盛易上火的孕婦,要加花旗參30克,去薑)

主治﹕
補血養胎

材料﹕
紅棗12個、杞子25克,雞500克、薑8克


各位準媽媽除了注意飲食調理外,還要保持愉快心情,多做適度的伸展運動,迎接小生命降臨。

「投進媽媽的懷抱,幸福哪裡找!」

文章內容僅供參考,不能作為診斷及治療的醫據。
如需獲得健康方面的幫助,請諮詢中醫師及醫護人員的專業意見。

197 comments

Leave a comment
  1. Adil khatri | 十一月 21, 2018
    I feel exceptionally appreciative that I read this. It is exceptionally useful and extremely useful and I extremely took in a great deal from it.  bank nifty future
  2. Adil khatri | 十一月 21, 2018
    I think I have never observed such web journals ever that has finish things with all points of interest which I need. So sympathetically refresh this ever for us.  taxi dusseldorf
  3. haneylee | 十一月 20, 2018
    PhenQ Reviews is a prescription-free, natural alternative to weight loss  drug phentermine. Now that you have an idea for how diet pills work, let's look at your best options. PhenQ is a prescription-free, natural alternative to weight loss drug phentermine. Now that you have an idea for how diet pills work, let's look at your best options.
  4. dafaball55 | 十一月 16, 2018
  5. Adil khatri | 十一月 16, 2018
    Truly value this magnificent post that you have accommodated us.Great site and an incredible subject also I truly get astonished to peruse this. Its better than average.  voyance internet
  6. Merck SEO | 十一月 15, 2018
    we can offer quote by phone or emails but should tour property require a visit we will send a team member to give you a free comprehensive quotation. gutter expert london
  7. Adil khatri | 十一月 15, 2018
    I am another client of this site so here I saw numerous articles and posts posted by this site,I inquisitive more enthusiasm for some of them trust you will give more data on this subjects in your next articles.  stock option tips
  8. Adil khatri | 十一月 15, 2018
    Social Profile social sport profile
  9. Adil khatri | 十一月 14, 2018
    Very good points you wrote here..Great stuff...I think you've made some truly interesting points.Keep up the good work. Vashikaran Specialist Astrologer
  10. Merck SEO | 十一月 12, 2018
    I am overpowered by your post with such a pleasant theme. Generally I visit your sites and get refreshed through the data you incorporate yet the present blog would be the most calculable. Well done!  voyance par téléphone
  11. Adil khatri | 十一月 12, 2018
    Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. FinQuiz
  12. Monika Cole | 十一月 08, 2018
    If more people that write articles really concerned themselves with writing great content like you, more readers would be interested in their writings. Thank you for caring about your content.Used travel trailers in Missouri
  13. Torsten Freitag | 十一月 06, 2018
    Great things you’ve always shared with us. Just keep writing this kind of posts.The time which was wasted in traveling for tuition now it can be used for studies.Thanksgenf20
  14. jack Robert | 十一月 05, 2018
    traditional toy store. babies toys uk
  15. jack Robert | 十一月 02, 2018
    This is a great post I seen because of offer it. It is truly what I needed to see seek in future you will proceed after sharing such a magnificent post.  singapore photography
  16. Florian Wannemaker | 十月 31, 2018
    I think this is a really good article. You make this information interesting and engaging. You give readers a lot to think about and I appreciate that kind of writing.marketing companies
  17. Andreas Kuhn | 十月 29, 2018
    Nice post. I was checking constantly this blog and I am impressed! Extremely helpful information specially the last part I care for such info a lot. I was seeking this particular information for a very long time. Thank you and good luck.agencia detectives Madrid
  18. Andreas Fink | 十月 29, 2018
    thank you for your interesting infomation.agencia detectives Madrid
  19. Merck SEO | 十月 27, 2018
    Gangaur Realtech is a professionally overseen association spend significant time in land administrations where incorporated administrations are given by experts to its customers looking for expanded an incentive by owning, possessing or putting resources into land.  mike matei
  20. jack Robert | 十月 27, 2018
    I genuinely like you're making style, inconceivable information, thankyou for posting.  fiberglass insulation
  21. Merck SEO | 十月 27, 2018
    Great info! I recently came across your blog and have been reading along. I thought I would leave my first comment. I don’t know what to say except that I have. Top News Stories Today
  22. jack Robert | 十月 26, 2018
    Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. Transport van Nederland naar Litouwen
  23. S E O Experts | 十月 25, 2018
    I am another client of this site so here I saw different articles and posts posted by this site,I inquisitive more enthusiasm for some of them trust you will give more data on this points in your next articles.  Security guard company Southampton NY
  24. jack Robert | 十月 25, 2018
    I would support my profile is critical to me, I welcome you to take a gander at this subject...  αποφραξεις
  25. jack Robert | 十月 25, 2018
    I am another client of this site so here I saw different articles and posts posted by this site,I inquisitive more enthusiasm for some of them trust you will give more data on this points in your next articles.  croptop
  26. jack Robert | 十月 24, 2018
    Better than average information, gainful and sensational framework, as offer well finished with shrewd contemplations and thoughts, clusters of exceptional information and inspiration, both of which I require, by virtue of offer such an obliging information here.  security guard company san Francisco ca
  27. jack Robert | 十月 24, 2018
    I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially awesome read!! I unquestionably extremely enjoyed all aspects of it and I likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site.  migliori cuscini gonfiabili
  28. jack Robert | 十月 23, 2018
    Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. Ishq Mein Marjawan
  29. S E O Experts | 十月 23, 2018
    Effectively, the article is really the best point on this registry related issue. I fit in with your decisions and will energetically anticipate your next updates.  Coffee Percolator Reviews
  30. S E O Experts | 十月 22, 2018
    I'm eager to reveal this page. I have to thank you for ones time for this especially awesome read!! I unquestionably extremely enjoyed all aspects of it and I likewise have you spared to fav to take a gander at new data in your site.  Security guard company California
  31. linkerseo | 十月 20, 2018
    Nice to be visiting your blog again, it has been months for me. Well this article that i've been waited for so long. I need this article to complete my assignment in the college, and it has same topic with your article. Thanks, great share. Merchant cash advance
  32. seo | 十月 06, 2018
    I've proper selected to build a blog, which I hold been deficient to do for a during. Acknowledges for this inform, it's really serviceable! cbd merchant account us
  33. seo | 九月 30, 2018
    wow this saintly however ,I love your enter plus nice pics might be part personss negative love being defrent mind total poeple , online gaming merchant account costs
  34. haneylee | 九月 28, 2018
    Wow i can say that this is another great article as expected of this blog.Bookmarked this site. Legal Steroids  phenq  
  35. Ocean of Games | 九月 25, 2018
    If a particular Ocean of Games was released for multiple platforms, we only considered the version with the highest quantity of reviews .
  36. Karin Eiffel | 九月 25, 2018
    I just couldn't leave your website before telling you that I truly enjoyed the top quality info you present to your visitors? Will be back again frequently to check up on new posts.DETECTIVES MADRID
  37. Janina Bach | 九月 25, 2018
    Great! It sounds good. Thanks for sharing..DETECTIVES MADRID
  38. seo | 九月 23, 2018
    Awesome dispatch! I am indeed getting apt to over this info, is truly neighborly my buddy. Likewise fantastic blog here among many of the costly info you acquire. Reserve up the beneficial process you are doing here. Forever Living
  39. Phen24 vs phenq | 九月 19, 2018
    Phen24 vs phenqt's been 90 days since I started using Phen24 to try and lose weight. Here's my Phen24review and results with and how I did it..  
  40. Tim Holtzmann | 九月 17, 2018
    I found your this post while searching for some related information on blog search...Its a good post..keep posting and update the informationDETECTIVES MADRID
  41. Franziska Wurfel | 九月 17, 2018
    Thank you so much for the post you do. I like your post and all you share with us is up to date and quite informative, i would like to bookmark the page so i can come here again to read you, as you have done a wonderful job.DETECTIVES MADRID
  42. Franziska Wurfel | 九月 14, 2018
    ESR (Eric Schekler Réalisations) est une agence de communication globale, notre agence de propose une diversité de services professionnels allant de la conception de sites internet à la création graphique, conception d'identité visuelle, création de logos, plaquette commerciale, référencement SEO, marquage vehicule, marquage publicitaire, signaléique, Imprimerie, impression numérique, reprographie, e-mailing , Voir nos réalisations.
  43. seo | 九月 08, 2018
    Listed here you'll learn it is important, them offers the link in an helpful webpage: lee county florida
  44. seo | 九月 08, 2018
    Listed here you'll learn it is important, them offers the link in an helpful webpage:
  45. Jana Werfel | 九月 08, 2018
    This is a great article thanks for sharing this informative information. I will visit your blog regularly for some latest post. I will visit your blog regularly for Some latest post.AGENCIA DETECTIVES MADRID
  46. S E O Experts | 九月 06, 2018
    I feel especially thankful that I read this. It is particularly helpful and to a great degree valuable and I amazingly took in an incredible arrangement from it.  Pinoy Tv Shows 
  47. S E O Experts | 九月 06, 2018
    Astonishing learning and I get a kick out of the chance to impart this sort of data to my companions and expectation they like it they why I do  Bigg Boss 12
  48. BRAVO | 八月 31, 2018
    I am interested in such topics so I will address       page where it is cool described. ganhar curtidas no instagram
  49. BRAVO | 八月 28, 2018
    I am always searching online for storys that can accommodate me. There is obviously a multiple to understand about this. I feel you made few salubrious points in Attributes moreover. Detain busy, awesome career! Ristoranti a Siena
  50. S E O Experts | 八月 20, 2018
    Safest & Economic Sedan & Suv Cabs Service Available in 100+ Cities of India. You just book your cab on Whatsapp 9931925449 Book cabs in Patna online

    Leave a comment